DNA Technology Regulation Bill 2019 – Why in the headlines?

{DNA Technology (Use & Application) Regulation Bill, 2019}
Why in the headlines?

The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019

Recently, the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019 was introduced in the Lok Sabha. AAS Bill

Provisions have been made regarding the regulation of the use of DNA technology to establish certain specific individuals.

What is DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid?

DNA standards and almost all other genes have a genetic function.
Most DNA is found in the nucleus of the cell (called the DNA of the weights), but in some cases DNA
Can also be found in myotocovagandia (weighed in what is called myotocovarian DNA).
It is a bifurcated circular structure constructed from two series. It carries the informative information for development.
It consists of 23 pairs of chromosomes and provides instructions for the manufacture of complete genes and proteins.
The information contained in DNA is stored in a code formulated with four chemical bases: adenvan (A), ganvan (G),
Saatovasan (C) and Thayavaman (T). Human DNA contains about 3 billion bases and more than 99% of them
Are similar.
An important feature of DNA is that it can make copies or copies of itself. DNA in the bile of each spindle
Can serve as a format for preparing a counterpart of the sequence.

Major provisions of AAS Bill

Use of DNA data:

DNA testing will be granted in reference to the cases listed in the list of the Bill, such as-
Offenses under Indian Penal Code, 1860.
Paternity suits such as civil defense.
Matters relating to establishment of personal identity.

Collection of DNA:

A person’s body substances can be distributed by the investigative authorities.
In some cases there will be a need to obtain consent to collect the sample. like-

For arrested persons –

it is necessary to obtain written consent from the offenders who are punished for up to seven years.
Will happen. But such consent is not required in the case of such offense, which includes imprisonment of more than seven years.
It is the provision of death penalty.

DNA Data Bank:

DNA from DNA laboratory under the format prescribed by National DNA Databank and Regional DNA Data Banks.
Profiles will be stored.

Removal of DNA Profiles:

However, this bill provides for the deletion of DNA data of the following persons:

Suspicious person:

Submission of report by police and order by court;
Subject to consideration: if ordered by the court; And
Depending on the written request, a profile of a person who is not suspected, criminal or is under consideration, but CRAAM
Its DNA profile has been entered in Scene Index or Missing Passion Index.
Establishment of DNA regulatory board: DNA data bank and DNA laboratories will be monitored by ASC.
This bill provides for penalties for various offenses, which include: (i) Disclosure of DNA information.
To do, or (ii) to use the DNA sample without the authority.

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